The Impulse Model

Putting an end to human trafficking and exploitation, worldwide.

The Impulse Model (formerly known as The Meghalaya Model) is an internationally acknowledged, holistic method that encourages and engages key stakeholders from the public and private sectors to work together to combat human trafficking.

The Impulse Model was designed by INGON Founder & Chairperson, Hasina Kharbhih.

How Does the Impulse Model Work?

Key stakeholders (such as government departments, law enforcement agencies, the judiciary, civil society organisations, private sector institutions and the media) have their own resources and legal mandates to tackle the complex and multi-layered crime of human trafficking.

For instance, law enforcement would identify themselves with the policing, prevention and protection pillars, while the media’s strengths would lie in the pillars of press and prevention, whereas legal agencies would situate themselves in the prosecution and protection pillars under the Impulse Model.

Therefore, the Impulse Model seeks to bring all these stakeholders together to work in close collaboration while ensuring that one’s efforts and resources do not overlap but enhance one another.

Impulse NGO Network (INGON) recognises that the fight against human trafficking is not a one-man job, and that our partnerships with various stakeholders under the Impulse Model, have to be organised and coordinated, for us to be effective. Which is why we created the Impulse Case Management Centre (ICMC) (formerly known as Impulse Case Info Centre) to enhance and streamline the way we manage and track cases of human trafficking.

This has resulted in an overall increased reliability and efficacy of response to human trafficking and has further strengthened the anti-human trafficking network through increased and continuous communication.

What makes the Impulse Model unique?

At the heart of the Impulse Model, is the Impulse Case Management Centre (ICMC), which records, compiles, and keeps track of all relevant information on human trafficking cases, adhering to the 6 R’s of the Impulse Model formula of 6R + 6P, which is described in detail below.

This process and formula of the Impulse Model makes it replicable anywhere in the world.

The Impulse Model complements the best local practices, and brings together different stakeholders in the fight against trafficking-in-persons under one roof, to create a systematic and collective anti-human trafficking effort.

Currently, the Impulse Model has been replicated in all the eight states of north-east India, and is also being piloted for national replication by the Government of India. It has also been adopted in Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh by our local country partners.

Furthermore, several other countries around the world have shown interest in learning about the Impulse Model, and are contemplating its usage in their fight against human trafficking as well.

The 6 P’s of the Impulse Model are as follows:


Impulse Model - PartnershipThe Impulse Model provides a national and international platform for collaboration between public and private sector stakeholders. The combined strength of these partnerships is the most essential element in countering human trafficking. We periodically bring these like-minded stakeholders together, in meetings and conferences, to ensure that all stakeholders can express themselves through dialogue and knowledge exchange with regards to the successes and challenges they face.

To know more about Partnerships under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - PreventionImpulse NGO Network conducts awareness programmes for rural communities directly as well as trains both private and public sector agencies on best practices. Lack of employment possibilities leave people very vulnerable to human trafficking, as many people migrate unsafely to find work. Hence, carefully designed and implemented livelihood initiatives in rural areas have proven to be effective preventive methods.

To know more about Prevention under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - ProtectionImpulse NGO Network ensures that the survivors of human trafficking are provided with the necessary support services as per the law by trained and sensitised professionals. The aspect of protection therefore includes policy making and ensuring that the delivery of services as per the law are in place in all the states and districts.

To read more about Protection under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - PolicingImpulse NGO Network organises trainings, consultations and develops handbooks for law enforcement personnel to sensitise them on good practices and victim-friendly procedures. INGON collaborates closely with law enforcement agencies, especially with Anti-Human Trafficking Units. ICIC provides the law enforcement agencies with constant technical support during the different stages of dealing with human trafficking cases.

To read more about Policing under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - PressMedia is a powerful democratic tool to raise awareness on human trafficking as well as to locate missing persons. However, it is crucial that media personnel understand the issue of human trafficking extremely well, to be able to inform people about the issue clearly and correctly. Media personnel must also understand the trauma the victims have gone through.

Impulse NGO Network trains media personnel, through a rights-based approach, to publish articles and report on human trafficking ethically and treat survivors with respect and dignity when interviewing/interacting with them.

To know more about Press under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - ProsecutionVictims must get justice, which is a crucial step for the victims to become survivors. Failure to prosecute effectively (impunity) encourages human traffickers to continue to flout the laws. A human trafficking case is not successfully closed without the trafficker being convicted as per the law. INGON ensures that the documentation of cases is verified and done prudently to aid the prosecution process to conclusion.

To know more about Prosecution under the Impulse Model, please click here.

The 6 R’s of the Impulse Model are as follows:


Impulse Model - ReportingA case can be referred/reported to Impulse Case Management Centre (ICMC) at any stage by any concerned person (family or non-family). The ICMC case manager assists in filing an FIR (First Information Report) at the Police Station. Once a case has been reported, ICMC records the case in the ICMC database, and immediately refers the case to the respective AHTU (Anti-Human Trafficking Unit) and partner organisations at the source and destination points.

To know more about Reporting under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - RescueRescue operations are carried out by the respective Anti-Human Trafficking Units, along with ICMC or an ICMC State Partner Organisation. ICMC provides training to the law enforcement agencies and partner organisations on all aspects of their responsibilities during the rescue operations, taking into consideration pre-rescue planning and post-rescue requirements as well as on victim-friendly and gender/child sensitive approach to conduct the rescue.

To know more about Rescue under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Rehabilitation starts immediately after the person is rescued. ICMC collaborates with social welfare departments of respectiImpulse Model - Rehabilitationve provinces to provide short term shelter for the rescued person(s). In case the government shelter is not available, ICMC refers the rescued persons to an NGO run shelter home registered with and approved by the government. During the short-term rehabilitation, ICMC ensures that medical and other support services are provided to the rescued persons as per their needs. Moreover, during the short-term rehabilitation period, actions are undertaken to identify the best long-term plans for the survivor.

To know more about Rehabilitation under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - RepatriationBased on a Home Investigation Report (HIR) by the relevant stakeholders, the process of repatriation is initiated. HIR is conducted to identify if it is safe for the survivors to return to their homes; ensuring that they wouldn’t be returning to a cycle of violence. If the survivor is not able to return to their family, ICMC collaborates with the social welfare department to arrange long-term accommodation for them while also offering vocational training, education or employment, depending on the person’s age and personal interests.

To know more about Repatriation under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - ReintegrationHaving access to education, training or employment is essential for the victim/survivor to begin the process of rebuilding his/her life. ICMC and partner organizations follow up with the survivors for a period of two years, to ensure that the survivor is safe and on the road to recovery. Follow-ups are carried out with a high degree of discretion, so that the survivors have time to heal and are not re-victimized.

To know more about Re-Integration under the Impulse Model, please click here.


Impulse Model - Re-compensationSeveral states of India have introduced restitution schemes which also include restitution for victims of human trafficking. In the case of the fatality of the victim, the family of the victim may also be eligible for restitution. ICMC collaborates with State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA) to ensure that all rescued persons of human trafficking are granted financial restitution.

To know more about Restitution under the Impulse Model, please click here.

GDN Data Sharing to Stop Trafficking